Simple Present

April 25, 2017
Simple Present, Tenses

Simple present tense

Fungsi

  • Untuk menyatakan aktivitas atau kegiatan yang dilakukan berulang-ulang (repeated actions) atau kebiasaan (Daily Activities).
  • Untuk menyatakan kebenaran umum ( General Statement of Fact).
  • Untuk menyatakan kebenaran umum (General Statement of Fact)

Rumus

(+) S + V1 (s/es) + O + Ket.Waktu

( -) S + Do/Does + not + V1 + O + Ket.Waktu

(?) Do/Does + S + V1 + O + Ket.Waktu ?

Contoh :

(+) I take a  shower everyday

(- ) I do not take a shower everyday

(?) Do I take a shower everyday?

 

(+) Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen

(- ) Water doesn’t consists of hydrogen and oxygen

(?) Does Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen?

Keterangan Waktu

  • Adverb of Frequency (jarang-kerapnya). Letaknya di tengah kalimat.

-always                 : selalu                                                -usually               : biasanya

-generally            : umumnya                                         -often                  : sering

-sometimes        : kadang-kadang                                -occasionally     : kadang-kadang

-seldom               : jarang                                                 -rarely                 :jarang(hamper tidak)

-never                  : tidak pernah

*Boleh diletakkan di awal/akhir kalimat

  • Adverb of Quantity(banyaknya). Letaknya di awal/akhir kalimat.

-once…                 : sekali                                  -once a day         : sekali dalam sehari

-twice…                : dua kali                              -three times…  :tiga kali

-four times…      : empat kali

NOTE

  1. They,We,

I,You

{ +V1(tanpa s/es)}

Thole, She,

He, It

{+V1 (ditambah s/es)}

 

= Aturan disamping berlaku untuk kalimat Positive (+)

 

  1. They,We,

I, You

{Do}

Thole, She,

He,It

{Does}

 

= Aturan disamping  berlaku untuk kalimat negative (-) dan Interrogative (?)

 

  1. “S” ditambahkan pada kata kerja yang bila diikuti Subyek orang ketiga tunggal (She,He,It,Thole).

Contoh :

  • He swims once a week.
  • Doni sings a song every afternoon.
  1. “ES” ditambahkan pada kata kerja yang berakhiran {ss,sh,ch,x,o,zz} bila diikuti Subyek orang ketiga tunggal (She,He,It,Thole).

Contoh :

  • Miss : My mother always misses me.
  • Brush : That girls seldom brushes her teeth.
  • Teach : The teacher teaches the students every morning.
  • Mix : Your uncle sometimes mixes coffe with milk
  • Go : His sister usually goes to market in the morning.
  • Buzz : The bee never buzzes around me.
  1. Kata kerja berakhiran “Y” bila diikuti Subyek orang ketiga tunggal (She,He,It,Thole).
  • Apabila “Y” didahului oleh huruf konsonan (mati) maka berubah menjadi “I” dan ditambah “es”.

Contoh : carry -> carries

Cry -> cries

  • Apabila “Y” didahului oleh huruf vocal (hidup) maka langsung ditambah “s”.
  1. Kata kerja “HAVE” apabila diikuti subyek orang ketiga tunggal (She,He,It,Thole) maka berubah menjadi “HAS”.

Reading 1

Reading 1

Jhon is a singer. He loves to sing. He is in a band. He sings in the band. He is the lead singer. Sometimes he plays the piano.

 

Chad is Jhon’s friend. He is also in the band. He stands next to Jhon. He plays the electric guitar. Sometimes Chad sings with Jhon.

 

Dean is Chad and Jhon’s friend. He is also in the band. He stands next to Chad. He plays bass guitar. Dean does not sing. He does not like to sing.

 

The band practices three times a week. They mostly perform at nightclubs. Sometimes they sing at weddings. They are a very good band.

 

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